Find out more about Sea Turtles
Sea turtles have existed for approximately 110 million years, their adaptations to life have endured successfully. Sixty million years ago the dinosaurs became extinct and sea turtles continue to this day, since man has coexisted with these mysterious reptiles.
It is now recognized that the success of sea turtle conservation depends on the active participation of communities together with authorities, scientists and non-governmental organizations. The main objective of protection programs should be to produce healthy hatchlings that have a better chance of surviving, growing and increasing populations.
Although each species of sea turtle is different in appearance and behavior, they all have characteristics in common. They are reptilian, lack teeth and only come to the beach to lay their eggs; although they live most of their lives in the water, they need to come out periodically to breathe.
Their forelimbs are modified in the form of large flippers that allow them a remarkable ability to make extensive migrations in the seas. All species of sea turtles are threatened, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classification, three of them are endangered and three are critically endangered.For example, scientists estimate that populations of some species, such as the green turtle have declined by 37% to 61% since 1860 and the hawksbill turtle has declined by more than 80% in the last 105 years.
Turtles in their life cycle occupy several habitats and migrate hundreds or thousands of kilometers between feeding grounds and nesting beaches, the territory used by them is very large, which makes them very vulnerable. It can take them several decades to reach maturity, from the egg phase until they return to the same beach to reproduce, depending on the species, from 12 to 30 or more years. Out of a thousand sea turtle hatchlings, only one of them will reach adulthood.
In Mexico we have 6 of the 7 species of sea turtles present in the world.
Sea Turtle Species:
|Nombre comun (Nombre cientifico)|
|Tortuga Golfina (Lepidochelys olivácea) - present species in MX|
|Tortuga Caguama, (Caretta caretta) - present species in MX|
|Tortuga Verde o Prieta (Chelonia mydas) - present species in MX|
|Tortuga Laúd (Dermochelys coriacea) - present species in MX|
|Tortuga Carey (Eretmochelys imbricata) - present species in MX|
|Tortuga Lora (Lepidochelys kempii) - present species in MX|
|Tortuga Australiana o Kikila o Plana (Natator depressus) - present species in Australia|